Samuel MORSE 1
- Born: 22 Jun 1576, Boxted, Essex, England
- Christened: 22 Jun 1576, Boxted, Essex, England
- Marriage: Elizabeth JASPER on 29 Jun 1602 in Redgrave, Suffolk, England
- Died: 20 Jun 1654, Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts at age 77
- Buried: 5 Dec 1654, Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts
Ancestral File Number: 9QGH-56.
There is controversy about which of two Samuel Morses born close together and connected circumstantially to the Samuel who came to Massachusetts is the correct one. Samuel teh son of REv. Thomas Morse is currently most accepted, but since the alternative has arguments going for it, I present the other Samuel as a second wife of Elizabeth.
Samuel was 50 when he signed on to come to New England on the Jasper on 15 Apr 1635. He was 67 when he died on apr 5, 1654. His date of birth calculates to 1585 to 1587. Richard Morse married Feb 15, 1586, Margaret Symson, and their son Samuel was baptized July 25, 1587. The son of Rev. Thomas Morse was evidently baptized 12 Jun 1576. He'd have been 9 years older than Samuel. What is more he would have been almost 60 when they sailed, and Samuel Morse was a vigorous man.
Will of Rev. Thomas Morse, will written 1596, mentions son Samuel. He didn't mention him living in New England but he would not have been there yet.
Genealogical Research in England: Morse. NEHGR, 1929, two articles.
Samuel Morse's son Daniel came to New England before his father, and settled at Watertown, for on 6 May 1635 Daniel and Joseph Morse of Watertown were admitted as freemen. This Joseph Morse was not Joseph the son of Samuel, as the latter Joseph came in the ship with his father, but he was apparently the Joseph Morse, aged 24, who embarked at Ipswich, England, 1 Apr 1634, on the Elizabeth. He appears to have been a son of Joseph and Dorothy Morse of Dedham, England; and his father migrated to Ipswich, Massachusetts, and in his wil in 1646 mentions a son Joseph. That Joseph Morse of Ipswich, Massachusetts, was a relative of Samuel Morse of Dedham, Mass., will be given in the following pages.
Will of Thomas Morse, minister, 1696, lists his minor children and includes Samuel Morse.
Will of Lanclett Jasper of Redgrave, Suffolk, husbandman, dated 17 Feb 1617, mentions his daughter Elizabeth Morse.
Parish records of Boxted, Essex. Samuell Mors son of Thomas Mors, minister, 12 June 1576.
Parish registers of Dedham, Co Essex, Samuel Morse son of Richard baptized 25 July 1587.
Anna Jasper daughter of Lancelet Jasper baptized 28 September 1577. in Redgrave, Co Suffolk
Samuel Morse and Elizabeth Jasper married 29 June, 1602, in Redgrave. They had children Elizabeth and John bapt in 1606 and 1608.
Joseph Morse and Ann Jasper married in Redgrave 29 Oct 1605.
It's most reasonable to think that Samuel and Joseph were brothers. Only evidence here that Samuel was the elder one is that Anne Jasper was baptized in 1577, and also that the younger Samuel would have been 15 at marriage if he was baptized soon after birth.
Moriarty focuses on "a family that included two clergymen of the Church of England, namely, Rev. Thomas Morse, vicar of Boxted, co Essex, and rector of Hinderclay, co Suffolk, and Rev. John Morse, M.A., curate of Romford, Co Essex, in additon to other charges, for many years in the reignes of James I and Charles I;... Samuel Morse of dedham, MA, was a son of Rev. Thomas Morse, who, in turn, was probably a gransdon of a Robert Morse, husbandman, who lived at SToke-by-Nayland, County Suffolk, in the first half of the sixteenth century. .... Joseph Morse, platner, who was at Ipswich, MA as early as 1637 and died in 1646, leaving descendants, belonged to the same family and was a first cousin of Samuel Morse.
The late Rev. Abner Morse, compiler of the "Memorial of the Morses", which was published in 1850, expressed the opinion... that the testator "was no doubt the father of Samuel of Dedham;" but he had nto found the entries in the various parish registers.. nor the other wills that prove teh truth of his conjecture." J. Howard Morse et al, "Morse Genealogy", 1903 and 1905, identifeid Samuel Morse of Dedham, MA with the Samuel, son of Richard and Margery (Symsone) Morse, who was baptized at Dedham in England 25 Jul 1587 and was a half brother of Joseph Morse of Ipswich, MA.)
Thomas Morse, born before 1520, buried at Stoke by Nayland 17 Feb 1566/7, had sons Thomas and Richard (and others). Rev. Thomas, PROBABLY Thomas son of Richard, was vicar of Boxted, Essex, from 1573 to 1579. From 1583 he was also rector of Hinderclay in northern Suffolk.
He had two children; by first wife, Samuel, bapt 12 Jun 1576. By second wife Joseph, of Palgrave, Suffolk, living in 1639/40, died by 1648, when administration of his goods granted to his widow Elizabeth. Married at Redgrave Ann Jasper. and then he married Elizabeth.
Richard Morse of Boxted and dedham, Essex, weaver. Married send, Margery Symsone. He had Joseph, bapt 4 Nov 1576 at Boxted, by first wife, and by second wife, Samuel, bapt 25 Jul 1587 at Dedham.
Moriarty argues about three Samuel's.
Samuel son of William Morse, clothier, born between 1576 adn 1582; his youngest son. Identified in his father's will but no baptismal record found. He'd ahve been 53 to 58 when the Increase sailed for New England and might have been entered as 50 because ship's records aren't accurate and only hand-made copies survive.
Samuel Morse son of Richard was the right age; close to 50 in 1635 (and close to Samuel's age when he died as well.) Has been assumed to be the New England settler. Both Richard Morse of Dedham and Samuel Morse of New England had sons named Joseph and Daniel, but the names of the parents of the Samuel who was baptized at Dedham are not found among the names of the children of Samuel of New England. Moriarty thinks this rules out the chance that that could be the right Samuel.
The names of Samuel's children were closer to the family of Rev. Thomas Morse.
Moriarty thinks that the geography for Samuel to ahve been Rev. Thomas's son works out better. Stoke-by-Nayland, the home of the probable father and grandfather of Rev. Thomas Morse, is in southern Suffolk, only two miles north from Nayland, which is on the River Stour, that separatesSuffolk from Essex. Boxted, where Rev. Thomas Morse was vicar from 1573 to 1578 and where he appeently lived until about 1583 as a child was baptized there at that time, was noly a mile or two southeast from Nayland, on the Essex side of the Stour. Dedham, also in Essex, was a few miles fartehr dow the river. In 1583 Rev. Thomas became rector of Hinderclay, a parish in northern Suffolk, about 13 miles northeast from Bury St. Edmunds and much closer to Redgrave on the Nortolk border. Palgrave, where Joseph Morse, a son of Rev. Thomas Morse, settled, was a short distance east of Redgrave. Samuel Morse would ahve gone north whe only 7. Stayed there until atleast 17 or 18. In 1594 his father becaem rector of Foxearth in Essex.
Of the other two Samuel's, one belonged to Stratford St Mary, on he extreme southern border of Sufolk, and the second was baptized at Dedham in Essex in 1587 and was too young to have married in 1602.
Elizabeth was listed as 48 on the INcrease and was 55, another example of wrong ship's register dates.
Samuel, age listed as 50, his wife Elizabeth listed as 48, and son Joseph listed as 20 (ages may be incorrect) left England on the INcrease, Robert Lea master. 8/15/1636 Samuel Morse, Daniel Morse, Joseph Morse and John Morse were among signers of covenant for settlement south of the Charles River; Dedham. Samuel Morese was appointed Collector of the money. Samuel Morse and others, members of First Church in Watertown, were received into the newly organized church of Dedham. Samuel was one of the town selectmen. Samuel Morse was among those who spread out to form a new township in the place that was known as Medfield. In 1675 the INdians burned his house; he rebuilt it, and the house remains in the possession of his descendants.
He disposed of his property a few months before he died; his estate was appraised at one hundred adn twenty-four pounds seven shillings.
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~sunnyann/fisher.html P. Davidson Peters
Anthony Fisher (1557/58-1640) married Mary Ann Fiske
Anthony Fisher (1591-1671) married Mary Buckingham.
HISTORY OF WATERTOWN AND DEDHAM
There was in New England, a territory of land lying three miles north of the Merrimack River to three miles south of the Charles River which stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific, which was sold to six gentle- men by the Plymouth Company in England. These gentleman then conveyed an interest in their purchase and assumed the title of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, obtaining a charter in 1628 from Charles I. They sent in March, a few months prior to the charter, a company of emigrants who landed in New England and settled the township of Salem and appointed as its governor, John Endicott.
It was, however, the passengers of the ship Mary and John, which had set sail from Plymouth, England in March of 1630, and disliking Salem when they arrived the end of May, went on to settle Charlestown. Four ships soon followed, leaving the port of the Isle of Wight in April - the Jewel, Ambrose, Talbot, and the Arabella, the latter of which sailed four miles further up the Charles River where they settled Watertown.
The population of Watertown grew so rapidly that the settlers quickly dispersed. The first considerable migration of these settlers was to Wethersfield, the oldest town of Connecticut, and the next was to Dedham which was located two miles above the falls of the Charles River, an area which had been laid out in September of 1635 by a handful of men including a Mr. Danforth and a Daniel Morse.
Philip's War, as mentioned here, refers to the Indian Chief Metacomet of the Wampanoag tribe. He was the second son of the Wampanoag chief Massasoit who had been allies of the colonial settlers of Plymouth. Like his father, whom he succeed in 1662, Philip (Metacomet) honored the treaties of his father until their lands were encroached upon by the English colonists. And to retaliate, Philip led an uprising in 1675 whereupon they burned several towns and killed many of the colonists. The colonists then banned together against the Indians, and althoughWatertown never suffered a hostile invasion and was often a place of refuge for those who fled other plantations to escape the atrocities of the Indian warfare, its occupants were among those who aided in the defense of the on-going warfare. At least fourteen settlers from Water- town were among those men who were ordered to capture Indian women and children, and destroy the Indian crops, and by December 1675 the colonists had won a major victory - but not without their share of bloodshed. In August of the same year, at least one Watertown man (William Flagg) had been slain at Lancaster, and Philip (Metacomet) had also died the August following. The numbers of Indians after the chief's death began to diminish, but the warring continued and included the slaying of another Watertown man, Lieutenant Gersham Flagg, who was killed at the Lamprey River in July of 1690. This lieutenant was the son of Thomas Flagg whom Jonathan Whitney and his wife Lydia had sold the thirty-nine acres Jon's father had given them which was located near Stony Brook.
There is a controversy about which Samuel Morse came to MA with his family. SAmuel the son of Thomas Morse is most accepted; Samuel teh son of Richard Morse is still viable. Morse genealogy argues it must have been Richard on the grounds that the Samuel born 1587 would have been the age Samuel of MA was when he died.
Genealogical Research in England; reprinted by FTM. I have another copy of this article; January 1929.
Samuel Morse, aged 50, Elizabeth aged 48, Joseph aged 20, and Elizabeth Daniel, aged 2; Joseph probably a son and Elizabeth probably a granddaughter.
Samuel Morse settled first in Watertown, Massachusetts, but moved to Dedham, Mass, at its first settlement in 1636 adn died in 1654 leaving a will.
Of his children who are found in New England the eldest was John Morse; second Daniel Morse, third Joseph Mrose, youngest apparently was Mary, who married 10 Aug 1641, Samuel Bullen of Watertown and Medfield, Mass, where the Morse's also went. Mary must have been b abt 1620.
Thomas Morse who appears oin the Dedham church records on 5, 2 mo 1640 and 28, 4 mo 1640 was probalby another son of Samuel Morse, and probably died childless soon afterwards as nothing more said about him.
Daniel came to New England before his father and settled at Watertown, for on 6 May 1635 Daniel and Joseph Morse of WAterown were admitted as freeman. This Joseph Morse was not Joseph the son of Samuel as the latter came in the ship with his father, but apparently was the Joseph Morse, aged 24, who embarked at Ipswich, England, 1 Apr 1634, on the Elizabeth; who appears to have been a son of Joseph nad Dorothy Morse of Dedham, England; and his father migrated to Ipsich, MA, and in his will in 1646 mentions a son Joseph. That Joseph Morse of Ipswich, MA, was a relative of Samuel Morse of Dedham, MA, will appear in the following pages.
This article resolves to settle the controversy about the origins of Samuel Morse by proving conclusively his ancestry.
Samuel Morse of Redgrave and Burgate, Co Suffolk, and of WAtertown, Dedham and Medfield, Massachusetts, husbandman, baptized at Boxted, co Essex, 12 Jun 1576, when his father was rector of that parish, died at Medfield, He married At Redgrave Suffok, 29 June 1602, Elizabeth Jasper, daughter of Lancelot Jasper of Redgrave, husbandman, and yougner sister of the Ann Jasper who married at Redgrave, 29 Oct 1605, Joseph Morse, brother of Samuel Morse.
Children of Samuel Morse are recorded at Redgrave fro m1605/6 to 1613, and at Burgate from 1616 to 1626, and he may have lived elsewhere in England, as the records of the bpatisms fo some of his children have not been found. On 7 Muly 1626 his wife, Elizabeth Morse, witnessed the will of Anne Copping of Burgate. On 2 Sep 1638 his half brother, James Morse of Barham, co Suffolk, bequeathed him 10 pounds without indicating where he was living.
On 15 Apr 1635 Samuel Morse, husbandman, aged 50 years, wth Elizabeth Morse his wife... etc. embarked on the INcrease from LOndon for New England. The chief reasons for believing that this passenger was the Samuel who was a son of Rev. Thomas Morse are as follows.
The records published in the first installment of this article disclose three Samuel Morse's who should be considered.
First is Samuel, son of William Morse of Suffolk, clothier, died bef 12 Sep 1582. The son Samuel whose baptism does not appear to be on record at STratford St. Mar was evidently the youngest, as he was named last in the list of children in his father's will. He was bor therefore between 1576 and 1582. He would have been 53 to 58 in 1635. However, the names of Samuel's children do not correspond to those of his family.
SEcond is the Samuel baptized at Dedham, 25 Jul 1587, son of Richard and Margery (Symone) Morse. Probably nearly 48 in 1635, only two years below the age assigned to Samuel Morse. In the Morse Genealogy he is assumed to be the New England settler, though Rev. ABner Morse, in 1865, was of the opinion that the Samuel Morse of the Increase was a son of Rev. Thomas Morse. Both Richard Morse of DEdham and Samuel Morse of New England had sons named Joseph and Daniel, but the names of teh parents of the Samuel who was baptized at Dedham in 1587 are not found among the names of the children of Samuel of New England, and this fact makes it almost certain that Samuel Morse of Dedham, Co Essex, was not the Samuel Morse who migrated to New England in 1635.
The third Samuel Morse is the child of Rev. Thomas Mose. He was baptized at Boxted, Essex, 12 Jun 1576 and would have been almost 59 in 1635, an age that would exclude him from consideration except that errors on teh ships lists were common as well as transcription errors. Samuel, son of Rev. Thomas Morse, had two own brothers named John and Daniel, an own sister named Sara, adn five half brothers Joseph, Jeremiah, James, Nathaniel and Philip. HIs seven brotehrs and his sister were named with SAmuel himself in the will fo their father in 1596. Of those names, John, Daniel , Joseph and Sara were given to children of Samuel and Elizabeth of New England, and they had one grandon named Jeremiah and two grandsons named Nathaniel. Two others of their eight known children were named resepectively Thomas and Elizabeth.
Moreover, Samuel son of Rev Thomas Morse was living in 1638 when his half brother named him in his will.
The Samuel who embarked in the INcrease in 1635 had a wife Elizabeth whose age was given as 48. Parish registers of REdgrave record marriage to Elizabeth Jasper in 1602 and that of Joseph Morse and An Jasper on 29 Oct 1605. They show also that these two brides were daughters of Lancelot Jasper, and that Elizabeth was baptized in 1579/80. Lancelot Jasper mentions his daughters Eliabeth Morse and Annes Morse.
The first of the other Samuels lived too far away to have been likely to marry in Redgrave, adn the third would have been too young to marry in 1602.
On his arrival in New England, Samuel Morse went first to Watertown, Mass, where he was admitted to the church and where his son Daniel, had already settled. Daniel Morse and his second cousin, Jospeh Morse, ahd been admitted as freemen at WAtertown on 6 May 1635. Samuel remained only a short time in Watertown.
In 1636 he was a proprietor of Dedham, where he was prominent in the early settlement of the town, a member fo the First Church there at its organization, a freeman, and a town officer. His last days were spent at Medfield, which had been set off from Dedham in 1651 and was the home of his daugther Mary, the wife of Deacon Samuel Bullen. The son of a minister of the Church of England, Samuel Morse was a man of fair education and of considerable importance in teh Massachusetts communities in which he lived. Among his numberous descendants were several ministers, graduates of Harvard.
In August 1636, Samuel, Daniel, Joseph and John Morse were among the signers of the covenant for settlement south of the Charles River; Dedham. Samuel Morse was appoitned Collector of the money. Samuel Morse and otehrs, members of First Church in Watertown, were received into the newly organized church of Dedham. Samuel was one of the town selectmen. Samuel was among those who spread out to form a new township in teh place that was known as Medfield. In 1675 the Indians burned his house; he rebuilt it, and the house remains in the possession of his descendants. He disposed of his property a few months before he died. His estaet was appraised at one hundred adn twenty four pounds seven shillings.
I am including this discussion about Samuel's imaginary son Thomas here because in addition to proving there was no Thomas, Thomas who had trouble getting admitted to the Dedham church was really Samuel, and the episode reveals critical features of Samuel Morse's character.
In Samuel Morse Great Migration Immigrant, by Robert Charles Anderson, New England Ancestors, Summer 2007, Anderson argues that Thomas was a phantom.
"Various secondary sources credit this immigrant with an eldest son Thomas about whom little is known (NEHGR 83:290: Stevens-Miller Anc 17). The only records for him are three entries from the Dedham church records. Close examination of these records will demonstrate that they were intended for the immigrant and that this Thomas Morse was a phantom.
"Thomas Morse was thought by the company to be so dark and unsatisfying in respect of the work of grace that though his life was innocent in respect of men yet they had not grounds to embracehim into this society except they should see further & so declared unto him. (DeChR - Church Records of the Town of Dedham)
"Thomas Morsse, also not being able to hold forth anything that might persuade the country of a work of saving grace but restraining power & c., was also left to the further trail of the church gathered (DeChR 7)
"Thomas Morse concerning whom (as is before noted) the church was very dark & doubtful in respect to any work fo grace; yet after further trial of his carriage, by his submissive carriage under the ordinance of God, some awakenings of his heart by the word of the breathings of the spirit of prayer observed in him by his innocent conversation & some testimony of the Godly that knew him in Enlgand, hte church received further satisfaction & upon his renewed desires of joining to the church, he was received the 28 day of the 4th month (June) 1640 (DeChR23).
"No further record for Thomas Morse is seen. On the other hand, jst a few months after this record, on 8 October 1640, Samuel Morse was admitted to Massachusetts Bay freemanship along with a group of Dedham men (MBCR 12:378), and yet there was no corresponding church admission for a Samuel Morse. Also, on 24 December 1641, "___ the wife of our brother Samuell Morse was received into the church" (DeChR 26). Both of these records imply that Samuel Morse had earlier been admitted to teh Dedham Church. We conclude that during the difficult proceedings leading up to the admission ot Dedham Church of Samuel Morse, teh Rev. John Allin, the creator of these records, for some reason entered his given name as Thomas rather than Samuel.
"There are atleast three explanations for this error available. First, John Allin showed frequent difficulty with personal names, entering "Balducke" for "Borden" (DeChR 21:NEHGR 130:35-39) and "Madden" for "Mather" (DeChR 12). Second, as discussed above, Samuel Morse's father was probably named Thomas, a fact that could have been known to John Allin. Finally, and most intriguingly, the Rev. John Allin had married at Wrentham, Suffolk, on 10 October 1622, Margaret Morse, and her father's name was almost certainly Ghomas Morse (NEHGR 41:69, 83:84).
"Abner Morse gave to this immigrant a son Samuel who married Mary Bullen and died "at teh Eastward" (Morse Memorial 3). The revision of his work also includes this son, and gives him a daughter Mary, born at Dedham on 20 July 1642 (Morse Gen 11). The immigrant Samuel Morse did have a daughter Mary who married Samuel Bullen and had a daughter Mary Bullen born at Dedham on 20 July 1642 (DeVR 2). There is no correspnding record for the allged birth of a Mary Gay, son of Samuel, on the same day. What Abner Morse and his revisers have done is to hold Samuel Bullen, wife Mary Gay, and daughter Mary Bullen up to a mirror, reversing the surnames bu tretaining the dates, thus creating a totally imaginary family."
The description of Samuel Morse's problems gaining acceptance by the church in Dedham may possibly speak well of him. Maybe something was darkly wrong with Samuel's character and they sensed it. However, their stated objection was that he couldn't talk up a storm when it came to meeting the Puritan requirement that he produce objective evidence that everyone it applied to was expected to be able to, that before the beginning of time God made an unchangeable decision to save him. Therefore teh state his soul in regard to salvation was objective fact, objectively knowable to Samuel and to people around him, and objectively provable. Never mind any statements by Jesus about smug people sure God had saved them. This suggests that Samuel was scrupulous and humble, and the recognition of teh latter quality finally won him acceptance. Samuel must also have really wanted to join that church, possibly because he had to be accepted by the church in order to be granted freeman status and have critical rights in the town. He must have been patient and persistent. I might not have kept trying.
The theology of Puritanism caused serious problems all over England and ultimately brought this faith to an end. At the time of the Salem witch trials, all over New England, the most devout people of the congregations, most often clergymen's wives and other immediate family members, could not bring themselves to come to Church or to receive Communion, not because the Church had rejected them, but because they couldn't find objective evidence with which to convince THEMSELVES that they were in a "state of grace", ie, among God's favored chosen ones that he decided at the beginning of time to save, not because of anything at all that God foreknew about them, but solely because it suited his gracious Feudal Warlord Moodiness to save those particular people - to paraphrase from the Reformed statements of theology. Teenagers in the New England towns did not handle the issue that well; anxiety about the state of their souls underlay several outbreaks of hysteria that led to charges of witchcraft.
This is a writeup about the migration and life of Samuel Morse's son in law, Robert Daniel.
b.1592 (est.), East Anglia, England, d. July 6, 1655, Cambridge, Massachusetts
The Daniells in England
367 years have past since Robert Daniell left the shores of his homeland in England for a new beginning in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Like the majority of those who arrived in the Watertown area in 1635-36, Robert and his family came from an area of England known as East Anglia. Comprised of three counties Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex and situated northeast of London, the area was filled with industrious, independent minded people. Driven to the Colony for many reasons, the majority either followed or were influenced by charismatic Puritan ministers who lead their flocks to a land free from the persecution of King Charles’ emboldened Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud and his contemporaries. It’s no coincidence that the arrival of Laudian Matthew Wren as the bishop of Norwich in 1635 coincided with the decision of many additional nonconformist Puritans to leave East Anglia for the colony which allowed freedom to practice their faith. Certainly there were other contributing factors including a failing economy, overcrowding, leading to food shortages and waves of disease, however, religious persecution could not be escaped by moving anywhere in England.
The Decision to Leave - Winter 1634/35
In the winter of 1634/35 the Daniell family consisted of Robert, his wife Elizabeth Morse Daniell and two young children, Samuel and Elizabeth <elizabethbirthrecord.html>. Deteriorating conditions forced the Daniells and Elizabeth’s parents, who lived in Burgate,Suffolk to consider leaving England for Massachusetts Bay Colony. As with so many others who left England, the migration to New England would include a group of family members. While it’s impossible to confirm, evidence shows that it was during this time that the Daniells made firm plans to leave for Massachusetts Bay. Elizabeth’s brother, Daniel Morse had already left for the colony arriving in Watertown in 1634, where he was admitted freeman, 6 May 1635.. Information from him would have provided a reliable report of conditions and opportunities that would await the Robert Daniell’s family and Robert’s in-laws Samuel and Elizabeth Morse.
Reasons for Daniell & Morse Family Departure
Circumstances surrounding the decision to leave can be tied to several things. Robert’s in-laws were no strangers to the difficulties faced by religious leaders of the time regardless of their affiliation - Church of England, Catholic or Puritan. For over 100 years the English were forced back and forth between one religion or another depending on who was wearing the crown. While some could remain insulated from the vacillating conditions those who served as clergy could not. Samuel Morse was born the son of a minister, Reverend Thomas <graphic/tmorsemap.gif> Morse, who served the congregations at St. Peter's <http://www.boxted.org.uk/photos.htm> Boxted, Essex, Hinderclay, Suffolk and finally at <Foxearth .html>, Essex. Carrying on in the steps of his father, Samuel’s brother, John trained at Cambridge’s Emmanuel College that was known as an incubator of Puritanical ministers. Pressure was mounting on the area’s Puritan population with the promotion of William Laud as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1633 by King Charles I followed by the ascension of Matthew Wren as the areas Bishop (father of the soon to be famous architect Christopher Wren who rebuilt London's St. Paul’s <http://www.explore-stpauls.net/> Cathedral) it was time to leave. Both made it clear to all nonconformists that they would be persecuted if they continued to practice their faith outside the doctrines of the official church now in power.Religious conflict wasn’t the only problem effecting Robert and his extended family. Economic conditions had been deteriorating for the East Anglicans ever since England had entered into the 30-year war in 1618. Crop failures in 1629-30 and the complete disruption of exports of the regions cloth and fine fabrics sent the region into an economic depression. Conditions were ripe for change. A move to the colony would provide for an unprecedented opportunity to change one’s fortunes. Colonial towns provided the potential to own land by some other means other than inheritance or out right purchase. Although no guarantees for success were attached, the colony’s population was growing by leaps and bounds and that brought on added security. And in the Daniell’s case the move would be with Elizabeth’s side of the family. It was time to move.
The Morse's Leave for the Colony – April 1635
Robert’s in-laws were the first to depart taking their son, Joseph Morse and Robert Daniell’s young daughter, Elizabeth. Stopping in Earls Colne along their way they traveled a 107 miles <graphic/morsedaniellmap.gif> overland from Burgate, Suffolk to the ship docks in London. They and an accompanying cart containing their belongings arrived on or about April 15th, 1635 when they registered for travel aboard the tall ship, “Increase”
<http://www.winthropsociety.org/ships.php>. The Increase was one of 18 ships to leave London for Massachusetts that year. Two days after the family checked in, the last of the 117 men, women and children had arrived and ships Master Robert Lea guided his vessel down the River Thames and out to sea. Arriving first in Boston, the Morses and young Elizabeth Daniell were among the 1,178 passengers who would make the voyage from London to the colony in 1635. From Boston the Morses traveled the final 10 miles of their migration to Watertown where they would await the arrival of the family of Robert Daniell. Note: There continues to be debate as to whether or not Elizabeth Daniell's parents are the Samuel Morse family who resided at Redgrave and Burgate, Suffolk, England. This page presumes that they are based on the following text, TEXT.
Daniell’s Departure for the Colony – Spring 1636
The passage of the Daniell family: Robert, Elizabeth, Samuel and now most likely their infant son, Thomas, is not recorded in any known manifest. However, recorded events point to a departure in the early spring of 1636. The journey from Earls Colne to the gangway of their tall ship came after a particularly bitter winter in East Anglia. During the Great Migration groups of ships crossed the ocean together to safeguard against Dunkirkers and other privateers hiring on with anyone who would have them as well as other dangers presented by the vast ocean. It’s appropriate to assume the Daniell family were aboard a ship in the large fleet that arrived in the colony prior to May 15th that spring. Some speculate that Robert and Elizabeth delayed their voyage due to her likely pregnancy with son, Thomas; however it’s even more likely that Robert was put in charge of divesting of property and settling any remaining issues for himself and any other family members prior to his departure.
Arrival in the Colony, Watertown – May 1636
The final few miles the Daniells traveled up the Charles River to Watertown where the Morse’s had been awaiting their arrival. It must have been a joyous reunion bringing young Elizabeth to the arms of her mom and dad. During the year long wait for their arrival the Morses established a home and joined the Watertown church of George Phillips. Phillips had come from service at the church at Boxted. The very same churches where Samuel’s father, Thomas had served minister and Samuel had been baptized as a child. Lead by Phillips, the Watertown church was founded on July 30th 1630 was unique in its desire to remain isolated from the other congregations in the Colony. The isolation may have been a reflection of Reverend Phillips desire to keep himself and his congregation free of the influence of church leadership and other more seemingly charismatic ministers. Shortly after the Daniell’s 1636 arrival the Morses quickly made a move west to a newly established town of Dedham, Massachusetts leaving Robert, Elizabeth and family behind at Watertown. <SamuelMorse.html>and his son Joseph were recorded as participants at a meeting of the proprietors of Dedham on August 15, 1636. Samuel was elected to public office prior to his joining the church. This was unusual and may lead one to the conclusion that he was recruited to move to Dedham with the offer of a leadership position in the community.Note: It was in Dedham that Samuel Morse would come to know Jonathan Fairbanks. Who would have guessed that 30 years later, Robert Daniell’s son, Joseph would marry Jonathan’s grand-daughter, Mary at the Boggastow Farms in Medway as described in Generation II.
Settling in Watertown – July 25, 1636 Land Grant
Robert and Elizabeth decided to remain in Watertown after learning about town plans to divide approximately 3000 acres among the townsmen. Grants of land the size of these were unprecedented in the colony and for that matter nonexistent back of in England. This provided the Daniells an opportunity to obtain land and for the time being, establish a homestead in the town. The first record documenting Robert Daniell’s presence in the Colony occurred when the town’s freemen allotted parcels of land to the 120 Townsmen of Watertown on July 25th, 1636. In what was called the second division, Robert received a 35-acre parcel located between John Smith’s 35 acre plot and Edward Goffe’s 60 acres. The allotments were bounded with Newtowne, (Cambridge) on the north and the plow land to the south and were laid in succession, one after another. Allotments varied in size from 25 to 80 acres and all were described as being 160 rods (1/2 mile) in breadth. Freemen provided additional land for cartways and meadows for use by all in common.Note: Based on the general lot description in the Watertown Land Grants and Possessions record, Robert’s land would have been ½ mile wide and 385 feet deep.
Settling in Watertown – February 28, 1636/37 Land Grant
The Freemen of Watertown met again the following February, this time to distribute what was described as plow land referred to as the Beaverbrook Plane. This area consisting of meadowland and upland was divided among the 106 townsmen. The population had decreased since the first allotment the previous summer. The Freeman had come up with a new plan that divided land based on formula that tied grants to family and cattle ownership. Grants were divvied out at the rate of 1 acre of land per person in the household plus 1 acre per head of mature cattle. Robert received 8 acres of land, allotment number 68. That comes to one acre each for his wife, Elizabeth, son’s Samuel and Thomas, daughter Elizabeth and himself and 3 cattle. The lots granted were in succession with the first lot bordering the northern bank of the Charles River and all remaining lots to the north of that one. Incidentally, a new member of the community arrived in time for this allotment - Mr. Edmund James. His wife Reana would eventually become Robert’s second wife 17 years later. Edmund’s 5 acre lot was 7 parcels to the north of Roberts’.
Settling in Watertown – June 26, 1637 Land Grant
On June 16, 1637 the Freemen gathered once again to grant additional land to the townsmen. This 3rd recorded division of land was in an area called the remote or west pine meadows. The number of households in Watertown had increased by 7 to a total of 113 in the past 4 months. Like the February allotment, land would be based on an acre of land for each person and number of cattle in each household. Robert received 8 acres, indicating no changes in family or animal population since the February meeting. In just 11 months Robert’s land holdings now stood at 51 acres.
Settling in Watertown – April 9, 1638 Land Grant
There were two additional allotments recorded in the Watertown Land Grants and Possessions records. Neither grant included allocations to Robert. The first took place on April 9, 1638 where 40 townsmen were granted small parcels of land, in what was called the Town plot. No further description of how one qualified was provided in the record. The second and most significant allocation of land occurred on June 10, 1642. Recorded as the 3 month 10 day in 1642 it’s important to translate the date to the Gregorian calendar in use today. This grant provided all townsmen who did not already have farms allotments at the rate of 13 acres of upland for every person in the household and head of cattle owned. Grants over 100 acres were common and a few over 200 acres in total.
Settling in Watertown Bond’s Map
Land ownership in the early days of Watertown’s development was a bit like trading baseball cards. Freeman allotments were based upon wholesale divisions of large parcels of land not the individual wants and needs of the recipients. Many early settlers found reason to sell their allotments and buy land more appropriate to their requirements. Those who chose to leave the town might or might not sell their lands. In Robert’s case it’s clear that he maintained possession of his lands in Watertown after moving his family to Cambridge. Over time, Robert Daniell purchased a13 acre lot from Nicholas Jacob, and later purchased two additional adjacent lots from Brian Pendleton and his wife Eleanor bringing together a contiguous 45 acre estate. Located along a bend in the Charles river just upslope from a crescent shaped island this configuration of land ownership was recorded in a map drawn in later years by Dr. Bond.Early town development in the colony is clearly explained in Sumner C. Powell's, Pulitzer Prize winning book titled PURITAN VILLAGE The Formation of a New England Town. One of the personalities Powell’s book follows is the same Brian Pendleton that Robert bought the lots from. Pendleton, an important figure in early Watertown had come from London and was influential in the development of the town. The circumstances surrounding his decision to sell his holdings and become a cofounder of Sudbury, Massachusetts can be reviewed in Powell’s book.
<map/watdaniemp.jpg> <map/watdaniemp.jpg>1600's Watertown Map - Robert Daniell's LandMap by Dr. Henry BondClick on image to enlarge
Birth of Joseph
While living in Watertown, Elizabeth gave birth to a third son, Joseph, in 1638 who was to become my 6th great grandfather.Note: The spring of 1638 was so cold in New England that the settlers were forced to plant corn two to three times, for it rotted in the ground. This was followed by a warm summer and two tempestuous storms (hurricanes) the first August 3rd and the second on the 25th of September. The rains continued througought the autumn and a considerable amount of snow arrived in October. - John Winthrop
Robert Joins Thomas Shepard’s Church at Mount Auburn and Dunster Streets, Cambridge
Sometime prior to March 14 in the year 1639 <juliangregoriancalendars.html> , Robert Daniell gave a public confession <robertdaniellsconfession.html>before the congregation of Thomas Shepard. It was a requirement of all but the very first members of the church that a public confession be orated before the church body prior to admittance to the church membership. 51 of these confessions were recorded by Reverend Shepard as they were delivered in a small leather covered notebook. Note: Michael McGiffert’s book titled GOD’S PLOT Puritan Spirituality in Thomas Shepard’s Cambridge provides the reader a comprehensive view of the life and times of Shepard and his followers. Robert Daniell’s confession (and a brief but defective biography of him) along with autobiographical writings by Shepard are well organized for those who are interested in knowing additional background.
Oath of A Freeman
Robert Daniell and 42 other men appeared before the General Court while in session at the church in Newtowne, recited the freeman’s oath and received the title of freeman of the Colony on March 14, 1639. Note: Becoming a freeman was limited to a fraction of Massachusetts Bay Colony citizenry. Historians familiar with that period write that as few as 1 in 10 of the colony's inhabitants were qualified to take the oath of a freeman at the time Robert did. The “General Court” had voted to limit the title and rights of a freeman to church members only on May 18, 1631. This change occurred just 7 months after the first “heads of families”, church members or not, were bestowed the title and rights of a freeman.
Moving to Cambridge
The next mention of Robert Daniell comes from the Proprietors Records at Cambridge where a real-estate transaction was recorded September 21, 1639.Robert moved to nearby Cambridge having purchased the home of Thomas Blogget who had died August 7, 1639. It’s not clear if the actual transaction occurred prior or just after Thomas’ death. It's likely that the Blogget’s and Daniell’s were acquainted with each other prior to the purchase of their home in Cambridge. Four years earlier, Thomas Blogget, his wife Susan and their two sons, Daniell, then age 4 and Samuell, age 1 ½ traveled to the colonies aboard the same ship (Increase) as the Morses and Robert’s 2-year-old daughter, Elizabeth. Note: The name of the town was changed from Newtowne to Cambridge by order of the General Court May 2, 1638, after it was determined that Harvard College would be built there. Additional reasons for the name change included the honoring of several citizens including Thomas Shepard (Emmanuel College, Cambridge University) who were educated at Cambridge, England. 17th Century Map of Cambridge, Watertown & Boston Area Click on image to enlarge
The Daniell home in Cambridge, located 3 miles from their property in Watertown, was situated upon the Common on the westerly side of Garden Street complete with a garden and a ½ acre backyard and outhouse. His neighbors were: John Bridge to the south with a 12 acre farm complete with barn located on the highway to Watertown; Thomas Parrish, (who also arrived aboard the Increase) who owned a 4 acre plot to his west; Gilbert Crackbone, on a "½ acre backyard" north of his property; and the Cowe Common to his northeast.
Cambridge, Massachusetts Bay Colony -1638
The following depiction of 1638 Cambridge was written by Professor, Arthur O. Norton in his contribution to the History of Massachusetts published in 1927.“May we pause for a glance at the New Cambridge (Newtowne) of 1638. It was in painful contrast to Old Cambridge, - the English university town with its ancient, even stately college buildings which so many colonists had known. New Cambridge was but a little village, scarcely 300 yards from north to south and 400 yards from east to west on the northerly bank of the Charles River, three miles west of Boston. Its area was divided by four short streets parallel to the river, crossed from north to south by four others. Its boundaries are now marked on the east by Holyoke Street; on the west by nearly semicircular way through Harvard Square, Brattle Square and Eliot Street; on the north by Massachusetts Avenue eastward from Harvard Square; and on the south by the (then) marshy banks and muddy tidal flats of the Charles River. Within the area were forty or fifty unpainted wooden houses with shingled roofs. A little church of hand-hewn logs, stood near the center of the village. Extending eastward from Harvard Square in what is now Massachusetts Avenue was a row of houses which formed the northerly limit of the town.”Robert and his family now resided in a small but very important village.In 1640, Robert and his family must have been filled with fear and excitement when they watched the next-door neighbor's, house, belonging to the Crackbones burn to the ground. Fortunately, the Crackbone family was spared death and injuries and the home was rebuilt. The confession of Mrs. Crackbone before Thomas Shepard’s congregation later that year mentions the event as being a catalyst to her renewed faith in God and caused her to seek membership in the church body. In 1646 the Crackbones sold their home to Philip Cook and moved from the area.Note: Fires were always a concern in Cambridge and throughout the Colony. Cooking was done in a large fireplace located within the kitchen and cooking coals were rarely completely extinguished between uses. In the hot summer months the coals would be buried to diminish the amount of heat produced between meals but the danger of an unattended fire always remained. In addition to cooking with open flames, fires would be kept ablaze throughout the cold winter months to counter the extreme temperatures of the New England winters.
Births of Sarah and Mary
After the move to Cambridge, two additional children were born: Sarah <http://www.jimsancestry.net/Daniels.htm> , their second daughter, about 1640 and a third daughter, Mary, on September 2, 1642.
Records show an annual town meeting was held on the first Monday of November 1640 to select all town officers and additional appointees. Robert Daniell and George Hotchins were chosen as Surveyors "to mend the highways for the year" and were appointed the same duties once again at a meeting on November 8, 1641. In addition to the obvious, Robert and George were given authority to insure that property owners kept "the street clear of wood and all other things against his own ground" or be faced with a fine of 5 shillings for each occurrence.
Death of Wife, Elizabeth
October 2, 1643, Robert’s wife, Elizabeth Morse Daniell dies.Elizabeth was 37 years old having been born in Redgrave, Suffolk, England (East Anglia) on March 6, 1605/06. She was buried at the Cambridge Burying Ground <cambridgeburyingground.html> which is next to Christ Church and across Garden Street from Cambridge Common. Note: Elizabeth’s grandfather, Reverend Thomas Morse ministered in three East Anglia locations during his life; Boxted, Essex 1573-1578; Hinderclay, Suffolk 1583; and Foxearth, Essex 1595-96. Thomas was serving as Rector at the Church at <Foxearth .html>, Essex, England when he died shortly after the 10th of November in 1596. Thomas Morse will <morsewill1596.html> was probated in London April 28, 1597.
Selling the Garden Street Home
May 1644, Robert Daniell sold his home and property in Cambridge to Nicholas Wythe who incidentally gave his confession before Thomas Shepard’s church on January 2, 1645.Note: Information obtained from the Cambridge Historical Commission indicates the Wythe home was located at 22 Garden Street <22GardenStreet.html>across from Cambridge Common. Reverend Lucius Paige's book the History of Cambridge states that the Wythe family retained continuous ownership of the home over the next 200 years.
Death of Thomas
Just one year after the death of wife, Elizabeth, tragedy struck once again with the death of Robert's 9-year-old son, Thomas. He was buried at Watertown November 6, 1644. Why bury Thomas at Watertown?I have no logical reason to explain why; however, respected recorded histories, e.g., James Savage’s book, Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, do not reveal additional settlers with the surname of Daniell, Daniel or Daniels prior to the time of Thomas’s death. It is, therefore, unlikely that additional evidence will be uncovered to support any other conclusion than Thomas is Robert and Elizabeth’s son and that it is he who was buried at Watertown in November of 1644.
September 8, 1647, Robert Daniell, Gilbert Crackbone and John Coop[e]r were chosen as Surveyors "to mend the highways”. This would be the third time Robert would be asked to serve in this capacity.
Return to Watertown
My interpretation of the records has Robert with his 5 living children, Elizabeth, Samuel, Joseph, Sarah, and Mary moving back to his first home and property in Watertown sometime prior to his appointment as the Watertown Constable in 1651. This theory is based on the fact that no real estate or other records provide us with any other logical reason for Robert’s appointment to a Watertown position. By this time, Robert, a prosperous farmer who owned many acres of land (will inventory) scattered through out the Watertown and Cambridge areas. The original lots and, we must assume, home remained under his ownership until his death.
1651, Watertown records show Robert serving as constable.
Watertown Town Proceedings
November 12, 1652, It was "agreed that Michael Berstow and Hugh Mason shall view the foot path through Goodman Daniell's ground and speak with him about his insufficient stiles." [WTP Page 28] Stiles, a step or series of steps were used to cross over farm fences continue to be used today in 21st century English farms.
Marriage to Reana Andrews
May 2, 1654, Robert married Reana Andrews in Cambridge. Reana had been married twice before, first to Edmund James, (d. after 3/24/1639/40) of Watertown, and second to Master William Andrews (Andrewes) <http://www.winthropsociety.org/ships.php>, (d. 1652) of Cambridge. Robert Daniell and the Andrews were well acquainted through their association at Thomas Shepard’s church.
Return to Cambridge
Robert and Reana made their home in Cambridge.
Watertown Town Proceedings - Problems
August 4, 1654, Robert was taken to task by Watertown’s selectmen for not maintaining his property in a way as required by Watertown ordinance. A transcript of the meeting in its original form reads as follows:"at ameting of the Select men the 8/4/1654 (page 37, Watertown Records) Robert Geneson and John Knap Complaining that Robert Daniell that hee Did not fence his pportion within their feild -- It Diid appeere by testymony of Mr whitny and his owne Confession that all his Land was by his owne act in agenerall feil with them and hee Could not make it appeere that he hath taken himsefe orderly out The sentence of the Select men is that wher as it Dooth apeere that Robert Daniel hath apaffell of Land within their feeld Containing 8 or 10 akers mor or Les, that he shal fence it by equall pportion with the rest of the Comoners" [WTP page 45]The matter was taken up again on September 21, 1654 at a general meeting resulting in a decision that disapointed Robert."Vpon asecocond hearing of Goodman Daniell sute the towne Dooth not see any thing to mooue them to alter their minds but Doe Judg him adelinquent to the Towne 20 s fine according to the Towne order."[WTP page 46] Actions such as this by selectmen were quite common during this time period and do not indicate a particular lack of respect for authority by Robert.
Daughter Elizabeth Marries
May 17, 1655, Daughter Elizabeth, then 22, married Thomas Fanning.
Robert Daniell Dies
July 6, 1655, Robert Daniell died.The remaining children in the home at the time of Robert’s death were Joseph, 16, Sarah, 14, and Mary, 12.
Robert Daniell is Buried in Ancient Cemetery
While no official record or marker remains, Robert and his first wife Elizabeth were buried at the Cambridge Burying Ground <cambridgeburyingground.html> bounded by Menotomy Road (Massachusetts Avenue) and Garden Street. This cemetery, the second one designated for use in Cambridge was first used in early 1635-36.Source, The Cambridge of Eighteen Hundred and Ninety Six, Chapter titled Burial-Places in Cambridge, George S. Saunders, Chairman of the Cambridge Cemetery Commissioners, 1896.
Robert Daniell's Last Will and Testament
The following is a transcript of Robert’s last will and testament as transcribed from the original 17th century document signed and dated July 3, 1655 and proved October 2, 1655 in Cambridge: Middlesex Probate Records 1:61-63.
IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN the third day of July In the year of our Lord God one thousand six houndred and fifty five.I Robert Daniell of Cambridge in New England, although weake in body yet of sound mind and good understanding do make and ordeine this my last will and testament, my poare immortall Soule I do leave in the Everlasting armes of the mercyes of God the Father in Christ Jesus. And as for my outward estate wherewith the Lord hath bin pleased for to blesse me and for a short time to make me steward of, my will is that my funerall expenses being first discharged that it shallbe thus disposed of as followeth, vzt. Unto my Loving wife Reanna, over and besides that part of th’estate which I received with her uppon my marriage to her which be covenant was to returne unto her againe at my decease, I do give forty shillings a yeare dureing her life to be payd the one halfe in fruite [illeg.] aples etc. and the other half in foure bushels of wheate, my will is that my household goodes be Equally devided amongst my five Children viz to Each a fift part also my will is that my Eldest daughter the now wife of Thomas Fanning shall have her fifth part Immediately after my decease and the remainder to remaine with my Soone, Samuell untill the rest of his Bros. And sisters shall come of age, of Twenty one yeares or mariage which shall first happen. Also I do give to my Cousen Anna Newcomen a young Cow and to Elder Frost forty shillings; Also I do give unto my daughter Elizabeth the wife of Thomas Fanning fifty pounds, to be payd in Cattle and corne at or before the first of May next. Also I do give unto my three youngest children fifty pound a peece, to be payd when they shall come to the age of Twenty one years: with in one whole yeare after their mariage which shall first happen, or before if my Executors shall desire the same, The remainder of my estate I do give and bequeath the whole and entie [sic] part thereof whether Reall or personall unto my sonne Samuell. Whom I do nominate as my Executor to gether with my sonne in law Thomas Fanning and my Loveing Friends Richard Jacson, and Thomas Danforth, I do hereby ordeine and make my Supervisors to see this my last will and testament faithfully Executed according to the true Intent and meaneing thereof, to hwom I do also in Speciall comitt the care [and] dispose of my children, both in their minority and in [the] change of their condition by mariage, also my will is that if [it] happen any of my children to decease before their mariage or their Arivall to the aforesaid Age of Twenty one years that then the portion of su[ch] the deceased shalbe and remaine to such as shall survive and be Equally devided Amongst them to Each survivor alike proportion. Also my will is that my Executor shall pay hearely after my decease unto my sonne Joseph and to my daughters Sarah and Mary five pounds apeece in corne or cattle, beginning the first payment in Aprill 1657 [altered from 1656]: the which payment of five pounds a peese Annually shalbe in part of the aforenamed fifty pounds apeece and I do hereby declare that it is mine Intent that the household goodes app[er]tayneing to each of my children shalbe in part of the said fifty pounds a peece. Also my will is that my daughter Elizabeth shall have liberty to choose in the first place her part of the household stuffe, the whole being first divided into five Equall parts. In witness whereof, I the said Robert Daniell [do] here unto put my hand and seale the day and yeare first above written. The wordes between the 12th and 13th lines within one whole yeare after their. Interlined before [the] signing and sealing hereoff. Also I do hereby [fur]ther declare my mind that the aforesaid forty shillings per Anno [sic!] to my wife shalbe payd yearly. The Apples at such [t]ime as they are gathered, and the wheate about the last of September. And the Executors are to deliver them [at] her house shee sending her mare or a horse for the same. Also what Tho: Fanning hath alre[ady] rec[eive]d is to be in part of his fifty pound legacy. <rdsigsealgray.gif>
<rdsigsealgray.gif>Read, signed, sealed and delivered in the [presence] of:[Jno. ShepardTho: Danforth][Endorsement] Att the County Court held at Cambridge Octo:2:1655:Jno. Shepard and Thomas Danforth [a]ttested upon oath that Robert Daniells above named deceased, being of [s]ound judgement and memory made this his last will and testament: Thomas Danforth Recorder
Inventory of Robert Daniell
Court records entered and recorded on October 2, 1655; show that Robert Daniell left a sizable estate to his wife and children. The inventory made after his death provides us with a clear picture of man who prospered during his 19 years in the colony. Robert had amassed 154 acres located in various areas about Cambridge and Watertown that were used to grow crops and support his livestock with hay and pasture. The patchwork of fields, both near and far, could be managed using his horses and cart to transport tools and harvest.
Robert's fields were made ready each spring using his oxen to plow and plant crops of “Indian” corn, wheat, rye and peas. Other fields were used to keep and feed his cows, pigs and sheep. However, it is uncertain how long it had been since he had used his sheep shears since he did not own sheep at the time of his death. His cows were branded to distinguish them from others when left to graze in his fields or on the Common.
Robert or members of his family made cheese and butter from the milk. The inventory shows that he had much more than they could possibly use so it’s likely these products were sold to others in the colony. Robert also brewed his own beer using malt and wheat.
His mansion home was not a log cabin since no one from England was familiar with that style of house construction until the settlers from Scandinavia would intermingle many, many years later. His home would have been fashioned after the homes colonists left behind in their homeland. Using a timber frame, wattle and daub and quite likely a roof made of thatch they would look much as they did in the villages and towns in 16th century England. It would be discovered that thatch roofs were not practical since straw grown in the colony was inferior to what was necessary and winters were far too severe for their continued use. These conditions lead to the replacement of thatch with wooden shingles or shakes. Clapboard siding was added to exterior walls since major temperature changes would cause the wattle and daub to crack and crumble. Interior spaces would have been divided into rooms and if a central chimney was built an inhabitable loft or completed second floor. Robert owned the necessary tools to build a home and furniture. Gages, hammers, crosscut and hand saws, chisels, files and a plane were on hand when needed. Firewood was cut using axes.
A well-stocked kitchen with foodstuffs and the necessary kettles, pots and pans were made to prepare meals served on plates made of pewter.
Robert was educated to a level to where he could read and sign his name. With these skills it's very likely that he could write as well. He owned several books, all dealing with the subject of faith and religion. A great bible, a book of psalms and works by Puritan pastors were likely read during quiet times in his day or evening. Robert could mark the passage of time using his hourglass and read or stay up late into the night using his lanterns and candles to illuminate the room.
Robert’s death was not expected since 5 new pair of shoes was recently added to his existing 5 pair.
Thomas Fanning, husband of daughter Elizabeth appear to have moved in to the homestead located in Watertown as a rent payment was due to Robert at the time of his death. Among the many items Elizabeth received was one of the two spinning wheels, cooking pans and a deck of cards. NOTE: A complete inventory <robertdaniellinventory.html> was required after Robert’s death.
Land records show…Robert’s original 13-acre Watertown lot was next owned by son, Samuel with the two remaining lots being owned by Robert’s son-in-law, Thomas Fanning, husband of Elizabeth. It is unclear as to when this change of ownership took place; however, it is likely that it occurred sometime prior to Robert's death since there's a hint in Roberts will that Thomas had already received "part of his fifty pound legacy". Samuel eventually moved on to Medfield at which time his lot was acquired by Thomas, as well.
After Robert's Death
It’s unlikely that the youngest children remained with Reana after Robert’s death. Note: The records show Samuel, Joseph and Mary, eventually moved to the Medfield area.
Joseph Chooses Guardian
Cambridge County Court records show that on April 7, 1657, Joseph Daniell, then 19, chose Robert Parker of Cambridge, as his guardian.
Reana Daniell Remarries
Reana Daniell married Elder Edmund Frost (Elder was mentioned as a beneficiary in Roberts will many years earlier) of Cambridge prior to December 15, 1665. A land record states the relationship. MLR 4:80-82.
Death of Reana Frost
Reana Frost died sometime prior to January 3, 1675/76 since a recording of Reana Frost's estate was taken on that date. Her estate was valued at 78 pounds 10 shillings.
The Life of Robert Daniell & The First Congregational Church in Cambridge
I have placed this section at the end of my writings about Generation I, Robert Daniell since there is no way to place it in any chronological context within the document above. This church and its membership are woven into the fabric of what was Robert's life while in the Colony. It's not surprising since many that left England's shores did so to escape the enforced trappings of the state sponsored church. Why else would so many leave family and friends and all things familiar?During his time in Cambridge, Robert Daniell was a member of the First Congregational Church in Cambridge, where Reverend Thomas Shepard <http://www.puritansermons.com/shepard/shepindx.htm> served as an inspirational Puritan pastor.
Illustration depicting Thomas Shepard homestead - 1638 Click on image to enlarge
The church, then located at Mount Auburn and Dunster Streets was a very important part of Robert Daniell's life. It is at the church that he and many friends and neighbors who touched his life would worship the Lord. Additional church members included neighbors Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Crackbone and Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Parrish, John Bridge, Thomas Shepard credits Mr. Bridge for influencing him to come to Newtowne (later Cambridge), and friends William Andrews and his wife Reana, (who would become Robert's second wife after the death of their spouses), Nicholas Wyeth (who eventually purchased Robert's home after the death of his wife Elizabeth), Isabell Jackson, wife of his close friend Richard and dear friend Edmund Frost. Edmund was one of the first members of the First Congregational Church of Cambridge and was installed as its first Ruling Elder February 11, 1636, and was reported to have great spiritual influence over many including his dear friend Robert. Also known by many church members were Robert's friends Richard Jackson and Thomas Danforth. Included in Robert's library were a great Bible, a book of Psalms <psalmsbook.html> and a volume titled y Soules Conflict.
Samuel married Elizabeth JASPER, daughter of Lancelot JASPER and Rose SHEPARD, on 29 Jun 1602 in Redgrave, Suffolk, England. (Elizabeth JASPER was born on 18 Oct 1578 in Redgrave, Suffolk, England, christened on 18 Oct 1578 in Redgrave, Suffolk, England, died on 20 Jun 1655 in Redgrave, Suffolk, England and was buried in 1655.)