- Born: 1635, Dunhead, Wiltshire, England
- Marriage: Mary Axtell on 19 Sep 1656 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts
- Died: 6 Aug 1721 at age 86
I have a note that his sister Sarah Goodenow m John Kettle, father of Mary Kettle of Beverly, m William Raymond, and also that John Kettle was b in Sudbury and backtracked to Beverly.
In East Anglia, each man held an enclosed area and managed it by his own
rules, but paid steep rents. This made for fun in Sudbury MA, whre a half
dozen emigrants from East Anglia spearheaded a bitter dispute by bringing
the younger members of the community around to their freehold ideas of
land use. People also wre heavily penailzed in fines
and public penance for such offenses as morals, failing to pay proper
attention to their church, etc. But The area was in the thick of
nonconformist sentiment. Among those who got into trouble for
insufficient attention to church were the Goodnow's. But (noncomformist
ministers) had an irresistable apeal. The whole Goodnow family was drawn
to these vigourous sermons and to others of a similar Nonconformist
variety. In February, 1637, Ralph, Simon and Edmund Goodnow were forced
to come before their archdeacon once again. They wre al presented 'for
going to Shaftesbury to church on Sudnays and Holy Days,' and they quite
fankly asked their superior if they could not attend other churches than
their own'. They were ordered to reappear the following month with
certifcates that they had attended morning and evening prayer at their own
church." (Powell, p 73) Goodnow was a churchwarden at Donhead St Andrew.
Requied to do public penance and contribute htirty shiling to the poor of
their parish, a heavy fine. For wanderings from their parish church.
The Goodenows obeyed dutifully, didn't openly show their resentment. But,
joined by Walter Haines of nearby Sutton Mandeveille , a large Goodnow
tribe headed for Massachusetts on thhe Confidence in 1638. "From 1638
onward they were determined to establish the true path to God, narrow
though it might be."
Haynes another of the four founding leadrs of Sudbury. (Pendleton ws the
fourth) Edmund Goodnow was there, too. Walter Haines adn Edmund Goodnw
also major landowners.
Sudbury was the most conservative of the New England towns in the sense of
everyone had to go to church, and its church ws one of the first to admit
only those who could objectively demonstrate that they were saved or in a
state of grace to be admitted to communion; this, tied in strongly with
the doctrine of predestination and Election, was one of the sources of
anxiety in the Puritan mind that led to such fun and games as the witch
trials in Salem.
John married Mary Axtell, daughter of Thomas Axtell and Mary, on 19 Sep 1656 in Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts. (Mary Axtell was born on 25 Sep 1639 in Berkhamstead, Hampshire, England and died on 14 Apr 1704 in Sudbury, Middlesex, England.)