- Born: 1610 or 1612, Dunhead, Wiltshire, England
- Marriage: Anne Barry about 1630
- Died: 5 Apr 1688 at age 78
A husbandman of Dunhead, Wiltshire, he broght a servant, his wife, and husband (?).
In East Anglia, each man held an enclosed area and managed it by his own
rules, but paid steep rents. This made for fun in Sudbury MA, whre a half
dozen emigrants from East Anglia spearheaded a bitter dispute by bringing
the younger members of the community around to their freehold ideas of
land use. People also wre heavily penailzed in fines
and public penance for such offenses as morals, failing to pay proper
attention to their church, etc. But The area was in the thick of
nonconformist sentiment. Among those who got into trouble for
insufficient attention to church were the Goodnow's. But (noncomformist
ministers) had an irresistable apeal. The whole Goodnow family was drawn
to these vigourous sermons and to others of a similar Nonconformist
variety. In February, 1637, Ralph, Simon and Edmund Goodnow were forced
to come before their archdeacon once again. They wre al presented 'for
going to Shaftesbury to church on Sudnays and Holy Days,' and they quite
fankly asked their superior if they could not attend other churches than
their own'. They were ordered to reappear the following month with
certifcates that they had attended morning and evening prayer at their own
church." (Powell, p 73) Goodnow was a churchwarden at Donhead St Andrew.
Required to do public penance and contribute htirty shiling to the poor of
their parish, a heavy fine. For wanderings from their parish church.
The Goodenows obeyed dutifully, didn't openly show their resentment. But,
joined by Walter Haines of nearby Sutton Mandeveille , a large Goodnow
tribe headed for Massachusetts on thhe Confidence in 1638. "From 1638
onward they were determined to establish the true path to God, narrow
though it might be."
Haynes another of the four founding leadrs of Sudbury. (Pendleton ws the
fourth) Edmund Goodnow was there, too. Walter Haines adn Edmund Goodnw
also major landowners.
Sudbury was the most conservative of the New England towns in the sense of
everyone had to go to church, and its church ws one of the first to admit
only those who could objectively demonstrate that they were saved or in a
state of grace to be admitted to communion; this, tied in strongly with
the doctrine of predestination and Election, was one of the sources of
anxiety in the Puritan mind that led to such fun and games as the witch
trials in Salem.
From the Goodenow Family Association web page:
What is the origin of the Goodenow name? Some believe that the name evolved from Godinot, a Saxon farmer who came to England in the 10th century (<www.goodenough.com.au>). With the arrival of William the Conqueror in 1066, Godinot descendants changed their surname to Goodinhough, Goodinhaugh or Goodinhow, depending on where they lived, to avoid persecution from their Norman overlords. Hough, haugh and how are all Old English words meaning hill or mound.
"In the marriage records of Kent in 1379, Radulphus Godynogh wed P.T. Yorks and in attendance were his two brothers, Johannes Godynogh from Saxony and Robertus Gudynegh, from France. Three brothers, but all with varying surnames. The simple explanation for this is the fact that they settled in different parts of Europe and the way their surname was spelled depended heavily upon the dialect, accent of the area and the spelling capabilities of the town clerks and registrars. Also, it must be noted that until the middle 1600's, names were written down as they were pronounced, not how they should have been spelled." (From <www.goodenough.com.au>.)
Other early English spellings of the name are Godinough, Goodinowe, Goodanew and possibly Goodknaf, Goodknaffe and Goodknawe.
The following quote from Carol McWain Goodenough, GFA's founder, is from the introduction to the book Goodenows Who Originated in Sudbury, Massachusetts 1638 A.D. <orders.htm>
"Whether or not our name is spelled Goodenow, Goodenough, Goodnough, Goodno, Goodnow or any of the many other ways, most of us [in the U.S.], and others with many other surnames, descend from a family that came from the south of England in 1638.Five members of the immigrant family with some of their children came to America: three brothers, John, Thomas, and Edmund, and their sister Ursula in 1638 and Dorothy a bit later. They had lived near each other in England in the neighboring shires of Dorset and Wilts: John in Semley, Thomas in Shaftesbury, and Edmund in Dunhead. They sailed from Southampton to Boston aboard the 200 ton ship CONFIDENCE. Shortly after their arrival they joined with others to settle Sudbury, the nineteenth town in Massachusetts. The name is well known there today.The oldest brother, John, had only daughters, ending the name in his line. Edmund, the youngest, was by far the most distinguished of the three, being prominent in Sudbury town affairs all his life. He died in 1688 and his life is commemorated by an ancient tombstone in the old Sudbury Cemetary in Wayland, MA.The third brother, Thomas, left Sudbury in 1656 when he joined a group that settled the town of Marlboro, Massachusetts. Early on, the descendants of Thomas showed the tendency to move into new territories in keeping with the general westward and northward movement from Massachusetts. The first to depart was Samuel of the fourth generation, who left in 1775 and settled in New Jersey. Other brothers migrated to Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire and New York. Many descendants in these lines changed the spelling of the name to Goodenough.
Edmund married Anne Barry about 1630. (Anne Barry was born in 1608 in Dunhead, Wiltshire, England and died on 9 Mar 1675.)