Henry ADAMS 1
- Born: 21 Jan 1583, Barton St David, Somerset, England
- Christened: 21 Jan 1583, Barton St.David, Somerset, England
- Marriage: Edith SQUIRE on 19 Oct 1609 in Charlton Mackrel, Somersetshire, England
- Died: 8 Oct 1646, Braintree, (Now Quincy), Ma, CO. Norfolk at age 63
- Buried: 8 Aug 1646, Braintree, (Now Quincy), Norfolk Co, Massachusetts
Ancestral File Number: FBPD-M7.
Henry Adams' Y-DNA haplotype is R1b1.
393-13; 390-25; 19-14; 391-11; 385a-11; 385b-14,15; 426-12; 388-12; 439-12; 389-1-13; 392-13; 392-2-29;
458-16; 456a-9; 456b-10; 455-11; 454-11; 447-25; 437-15; 448-20; 449--29; 464a-d 15, 15, 17, 17;
460-10; H4-11; YCA-IIa-19; YCA-IIb-23; 456-16; 607-15;576-18;570-18;CDYa-35;CDYb-37;442-13;438-12
385b is a fast mutating marker; descendants have two values.
There is a difference of opinion on what this means. John Nordvedt associates high values of DYS 390 with is Irish haplotype, where DYS 391 can equal 11. I do not know if John Nordvedt took European distributions into account or focused on regions of Great Britain. He says that this Irish haplotype is half as common in England and Wales, implying that perhaps it was Iberian or Celtic.
Border Reiver analysis of the Y Search database says this is a Dutch/ Danish/ German haplotype. Most common in that region of Europe.
Most Germanic haplotypes that ended up in Ireland were Norse, but this haplotype does not appear to be Norse. On the other hand, the Norman army that invaded England was not exclusively Norse. Normany is adjacent to the Netherlands.
Tarin's comparison of Iberian and non-Iberian origins of R1b alleles finds that while DYS 390 = 23 is much more likely among non-Iberians, DYS 390 = 25 and DYS 391 = 11 are both equally divided among Iberians and non-Iberians.
In 1638 Henry Adams with his wife and all his children exept his son Jonathan emigrated to New England. Year of emigration is fixed by deposition in 1656 by his son John Adams who stated hat he had known a certain field in Cambridge since 1638. Earliest mention of Henry Adams is in 1639, he was granted a lot in the town of Boston.
Here is what I have from my research. Main source: Henry Adams of Somersetshire, England and Braintree, Mass.: His English Ancestry and Some of his Descendants" compiled by J. Gardner Bartlett for Edward Dean Adams.
Surname Adams - name Adam comes from the Bible. It is probable that records of the surname Adam or Adams can be found in most of the counties of England since the period of Edward I (1272-1307), in whose reign the adoption of fixed, hereditary family surnames commenced to be general. Thenceforward the name is of frequent cocurrence in all classes of documentary records throughout the realm. Adams is an abbreivated for of Adam's son. Such patronymic surnames generally appear in teh personal form during the fourteenth century, as William ADam, Thomas Peter, John William, etc., but during the fifteenth century, the abbreviated patronymic beame well established, as William Adams, Thomas Peters, John Williams, etc.
The subsidy roll of 1 Edward III (1327) is the earliest list extant in England with the names of most of hte householders in the mass of the population. The lists for the eastern half of Somersetshire show eight Adams viz. Thomas ADams of Brewham, Sybill Adam of Weston, William Adam of Othery, Henry Adam of Sutton Mallett, Roger Adam of Sutton Mallett, William ADam of Dinder, Richard ADam of Limington, Richard ADam of Batcombe.
In the regin of Edward the Confessor (1042-66, Alestan, a Saxon thane, held as part of Bertona, one of the numerous manors bestowed after the Norman Conquest upon Roger de Corcelle, a Norman feudal baron and follower of William the Conqueror. In the Domesday Survey of 1086 this manor in Bertona is thus described:
"Norman holds of Roger [de Corcelle], Bertona. Alestan hled it in the time of King Edward and gelded for one hide and a half. The arable is two carcuates. In demesne is one carucate, and tehre are two villeins and four cottagers, with one plough. There is a mill of five shillings rent, and twenty-four acres of meadow, and as many of pasture. It was worth forty shillings, now thirty shillings."
The diminutive character of this little Saxon manor or lordship is thus particularly expressed in the language of the period. It comprised 240 acres of cultivated land, 120 acres of the Lord's land, and 48 acres of pasture and meadow. ...there were then probably six houses for the occupation of the tenantry in addition to the one belonging to Norman, Lrod of the Manor, who rendered service to the Overlord, Roger de Corcelle. A mill on the Brew, a little stream which divided Bertona from Baltunesberge, ground wheat for the villeins and cottagers, perhaps nearing 50 persons. Bertona is now Barton David and Baltunesberge is baltonsborough. In the subsequent adminstrative divisions of hte county, Barton was a tithing in the Hundred of Catash.
Collinson, the county historian, writing about 1790, gives the following account of this parish:
Barton-DAvid So called from the dedication of its church, is a small parish five miles east from Soemrton, and seven southeast from Glastonbury. It is situated on teh banks of the river Brew, which divides it from Baltonsbury, in a lw but fruitful country, well wooded with fine, large elm trees, and sufficiently watered. The number of houses is about forty, many of them very neat dwellings, and of inhabitants nearly two hundred and twenty. ... The manor was sometime held of the Abbey of Glastonbury by the family of Appulton, many of whose estates descended by a coheiress to that of Pyne. ... The living is a rectory in the deanery of Cary, adn was valued in 1292 at sixteen marks. The church, which is dedicated to St. David, is a small Gothic building, sixty-three feet in length and seventeen in breadth, consisting of a nave, chancel and small aisle, covered with tiles. At the west end there stands an octangular tower forty-five feet high, containing four bells. The north door-way is composed of a fine arch of Saxon workmanship. In the churcyard is a tomb to the memory of the Bush family, and an ancient stone cross. (History and Antiquities of Somersetshire, Vol II, pp 64-65)
Barton has the significance of a farm, or enclosure for crops, sometimes adjoining church property, adn may be a part of the glebe land of the vicarage. At the time of Domesday, as now, Barton was one of the smallest parishes in southern Somserset. Surrounding it were the parsihes of Baltunesberge, Lideford, Chinwardestune, Boduchelei and Ceorlatona, as called at the Conquest, adn now known respectively as Baltonsborougyh, West Lideford, Kingweston, Butleigh and Charlton Adam. The anme Barton, being descritpive of a particular type of farm, .. had numerous namesakes... in England.
In time the "Saint" was dropped - Barton David, Barton DAvy ,Barton in the Moor.
In the County of Somserset were four ancient manors named Charlton (earlier Cherleton) which existed at the time of Domesday (1086). At a later period, in order to differentiate them, to each was applied the name of the family holding the manor, whiche they became severally known as Charlton-Adam (East Charleton), Charlton-Mackrell (West Charlton), Charlton-Musgrave, adn Charlton Canville (now Charlton-Horethorne).
The church of Barton St. David lies two miles north of the church of Charlton Adam. The latter parish derived the qualifying addition to hist name during the twelvth century in the reign of Henry II (1154-1189) from a Lord of teh Manor named Adam, whose descendants flourished there for several generations under the name of Fitz Adam, and in some records in teh 13th century the parish is named Cherleton-Fitz Adam. From evidences in the ancient cartulary of the Priory of Bruton in Somersetshire and in several cases in th Plea Rolls for Somersetshire, the appended pedigree of this Fitz Adam family during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries has been compiled.
A family known as Fitz Adam in the thirteenth century would eventually evolve into Adams late in the 14th century, in accordance with the general process of tranformation of patronymics. during that century throughout England.
It is to be supposed that there were other younger sons in the generations given in the above pedigree and it is antural that by 1500 there were a large number of yeoman descendants named Adams in teh vicinity. The law of primogeniture imposed on English families for centuries, casued the gradual elimination from pedigrees of the descendants of the younger sons of the senior line. This social system maintained a landed aristocracy descending through the senior male line of a family, while junior brances were omitted. The eldest son was allowed to inherit his father's landed estate while his brothers cultivated it for his benefit, and their children and grandchildren in turn, gradulaly sinking lower in the social scale.
Among the pedigrees recorded by the Heralds of th eCollege of Arms in teh Visitation of Devonshire in 1564 is the ancestry of Nicholas Adams 9b abt 1540) of Fenn in Tunstall and Stoke Gabriel, Co. Devon. This pedigree makes this Nicholas Adams fifth in descent from a JOhn ADams who acquired this estate of Fenn by marriage about 1450, adn this line is probably correct. The pedigree also states that this John Adams was a son of a Sir John Adams of Cherleton-Adam, Co Somerset, but erroneously traces the latter's ancestry through five generations at Cherleton-Adam back to one Sir John Ap Adam and his wife Elizabeth de Gurnay, heiress to vast estates in Somsersetshire, Dorsetshire and Gloucestershire. This pedigree is erroneous (doesn't say why), but is is quite probable that John Adams of Fenn, Co Devon, may have been descended from the Fitz Adam family of Cherleton Adam.
They were yeomen. Cultivated leasehold farms and raised sheep and cattle and lived in simple stone, thatched cottages.
Henry Adams was appointed an executorof his father's will dated 19 Mar 1603/4, mentioned 9 May 1609 as an executor of the will of his brother John Adams, and married to Edith Squire 19 Oct 1609 in adjoining parish Charlton Mackrell. HIs residence continued for some years in his native ancestral parish of Barton St David as the transcript of its register for 1612 shows the baptism of his 2nd son Thomas Adams in that year.
One Adams, baptismal name not ascertained, b abt 1475, living in the parish of Barton DAvid, was the father of atleast two sons - Robert and John Adams, of the yeoman class like scores of their own name and blood then livng in this section of Soemrsetshire. They cultivated leasehold farms in Barton St David as tenants of an Appleton family who long held the manor under the proprietary lordship of the Abbot of Glastonbury as owner of the chief fee. They subsisted on the products of the soil and the raising of sheep and cattle. Their homes were simple picturesque stone cottages of one story w thatched roofs.
These two brothers as assumed, had attained sufficient standing to be enumerated in the Muster Roll of 1539 and to be assessed in the Subsidy of the same period, the only ones of the family name so distinguished. In the Muster Roll of Tithing of Barton, Somersetshire, 1539, Robert ADams classified among the able archers charged w finding harness bows and arrows adn is credited w a bow and 6 arrows. AT some time unknown it appears that he moved to adjoining parish of Butleigh where he died in 1557 leaving a will that mentions two horses and assorted practical personal items. He was a tenant farmer with no land to bequeath, and he also left no issue. His possessions went to his friends and his wife.
This leaves John ADams as the only available ancestor for the then existing family in the parish (though I think possibly other families existed who didn't qualify for the assessment.)
Subsidy rolls for reign of Henry VIII for Somersetshire are in poor shape, but one can make out for 1542 and 43 in the section for Barton, the names of Robert "Adams" and Alys Adams, widow, owing taxable property in the shape of "goods" . After that the name of Adams does not appear in any subsidy for that parish. This seems to prove the family were copyholders of the manor and not freeholders.
Alys Adams may have been the widow of John Adams of whose death and the settlement of whose estate no record has survived.
In the muster roll of 1569 the name of Adams does not appear on the list. At that date archers were becoming obsolute as muskets had been introduced. Males in this family may not have possessed guns.
JOhn Adams of Barton David and his wife Alice (as assumed)
John Adams of Barton Saint David. b 1500 to 1505. On muster roll for tithing of Barton, Somersethshire in 1539 as financially able to provide arms and armor. Believed to be copyholders of the manor and not freeholders. Assumption is that his wife was Alys.
Issue included Henry Adams b abt 1531 Barton St David according to his testimony. 8/27/1574 recorded as witness to a marriage license. in 1586 as a tax gatherer with the jurisdiction of a constable; 1586 a witness in a case of slander. d 1596. Married abt1554 Rose ___ she was buried 9/20/1598 Barton St. David.
Henry b Barton David abt 1531 according to his own testimony. (This makes his parentage unproven because there wree other Adams' around who did not qualify to be in the subsidy rolls.)
He is mentioned 40 years later, as a bondsman. 27 Aug 1574 license to John Bevell o fBaltesborogh, husbadman, and Alice Harde of Aishecotte, maiden. Willmus Smith de Baltesborough cutler and Henricus Adams de Barto in com. Somrst husbandman et d'cus John Bevell. This may indicate some relationship because bondsmen were usually kinsmen.
12 years later he is tithing man of Barton David - a tax gatherer for hte parish w powers of a constabale. 25 May 1586 he was witness in a case of slander and defamation. Cheverell vs Ludwell, two pf the principal famlies of Barton David. His testimony is given verbatim. "Henry ADams of the parish of Barton DAvid in the diocese of Bath and Wells, husbandman, where he has resided from his birth, originating there, aged 55 years or thereabouts, taken oath as a witness under free conditions, and deposes that he has wel known resepectively AnnaCheverell, produced in behalf of one side, for a period of 16 years, and John Ludwell, produced by the other side, from the infancy of said John, and deposes that, etc. "the articulate [aforesaid] John Ludwell came to him this depoinent, being tithing man of the parish aforesaid, being in the chuh of Barto Davy aforesaid to hear divine service, about the later end of service as he now remembreth, and requested him that he would come into the Churchyard to speak with jim, aat whose request he, this depoent, went forth of the Church unto him and being come asked him upon what occasion he called him; the said Ludwell answering said "I have here a warrant from Mr. Gayne one of the Justices of peace within the Countie of som'set to apprehend or attach Willm Roch to apear before him, and (pointing unto the said Roach) said Yonder is the man; take here the warrant and do your office as you will answer the contrary at your peril", which warrant he this deponent having received went unto the said Roach adn served him therewith accordingly being in th eChurhyard aforesaid after divine service was fully ended. Then the said Ludwell came unto him this deponent and said "You must bring him presently before the Justice without any delay." The said Mrs Cheverell hearing that her man Roach was thus attached by the procuremen to fthe said Ludwell, said unto him as followeth, "all this trouble cometh through that strumpett my sister, meaning Margaret Ludwell, she hath caused much anger"; whereunto the said Ludwell answering said "her fault, eaning his sister is well known. But if everyones fault were written in their foreheads the truth would be known who were in the faulte" and otherwise this deponent does not remember any words spoken whereby he thinketh no more the said M'res Cheverell to be impaired of her good name, then he and others more were, wheth then was onte. [He signed the deposition with a mark.]
He left no will. There were documents relating to the final settlement of his estate. Only the name of his son John was recorded as granted administration of his estate. Others of the name Adams living at the same time in Barton David were doubtless related and some may have been his children but nothing had developed ot prove any relationship. Date is 8 Jan 1596/7.
Henry Adams married abt
1554 but the name of his wife is uncertain; it may be Rose Adams buried at Barton D?avid 20 Sep 1598.
Child: John b Barton St David abt 1555.
John Adams b abt 1555 prob Barton St David a husbandman. Occupied his father's copyhold land. 3/22/1603/4. Will preserved. married abt 1576 Agnes Stone who was buried 1/15/1615/6 in the churchyard at Barton St david.
Lived there all his life as far as is known, a husbandman. Occupied the copyholding land after his father. Earleist record is the one just stated when at ae 40 he became administrator of his father's estate. On 27 May 1597 he became bondsman for Agnes, widow of John Stone of Barton DAvid, exectutrix of will of her late husband. This suggests they wre related. It was common for a man to become surety for his mother in law; his wife was named Agnes. She may have been a daughter of John Stone.
Parish registers lost for Barton St DAvid before 1714. This is most important source of info on yeoman families.
On his death bed, three days before he was buried, John ADams had his will drawn up but did not live to sign it nor to have it witnessed. Buried 22 March 1603/4.
He gives a conditional bequest to his son John, of the sale of a certain property, if his son JOhn is living with and providing for himself an dhis children in four years. If not the proceeds are to be divided between his children JOhn an dKatheren. Further, his executors will have use of the money on the behalf of the children, and not his son John.
All the rest to his wife Agnes.
AGnes (Stone?) survived her husband and was buried at Barto St David churchyard 15 Jan 1615/6. She also survived her son John an dbecame co-executor of his estate.
A younger brother of John was named executor of the will. John Adams was of Misterton. The will was exhibited in 26 June 1609 by Roger Warfield of Charltoh Adam to whom were granted letters of guardianship by the vicar general of the persons and property of the abovesaid JOhn and Katherine Adams and also Roger and Judith Warfield and likewise of John,Stephen and Mary French (all name din some respects or other in the will). VAlue of inventory 62 pounds. Since the will was legally void the younger brother did not care to undertake administration where his brother's interests were involved. In the Diocesan Records a mutiliated bond for administration of this estate by the widow Agnes was found, dated 7 Aug 1605, her sureties being John and Richard Bartlett.
Children of John and Agnes:
John. b abt 1577. Removed to Misterton, Somerset. Probaly returned to his home after death of his father and became resident of Compton Dundon, a parish 3 mi wst of Batton DAvid. D there prob 1609, 9 May 1609, Agnes Adams his mother and Henry ADams his brothe rnamed exeucturso f his will. Everyone oredered to appear before Ecclesiastical court regarding the interest of the legatees; John, Richard, Mary, and Katherine Adams, children of the said John, deceased. The will cannot be found.
The name of John's wife is not known.
Katherine b abt 1600 die dyoung.
John b abt 1602 Admnistration of his estate granted 10 July 1629 to Christopher Adams of Barton DAvid, husbandman, and Richard Adams of Shepton Mallet, clothier. Bondsmen Thomas HIggins vicar of Barton David, and John Sanford of Wells.
Richard b abt 1604
Mary b abt 1606 living in 1609
Daughter b abt 1581 married abt 1599 Richard French of Misterton, Somersetshire. Children (:French) John b 1599, Stephen b 1601, Mary b 1603 prob others.
Henry b abt 1583.
Henry is the legatee.
Earliest record of hi is 1604 as joint residuary legatee and executor of his father's will. Had reached his majority. 19 Oct 1609 married Edith Squire daughter of Henry Squire, a husbandman and blacksmith in adjoining parish of Charlton Mackrell.
Records of the baptisms of three of the children of this marriage found, only two other records; in 1609 as co-exectuor of the will of his brother JOhn ADams, and on an original damaged parchment bond which shows the remnats of this marraige bond which he signed. Only known signature of Henry Adams.
The signature indicates a firm. sure, round hand of the Italian school which was then coming into use.
Date was 1614, showed he was living in Barton St. DAvid.
He had a fair amount of education in the local school.
At some date betw 1614 and 1622 he moved to adjoining parish of Kingweston where his youngest children were baptized. This takes us up to the year 1629.
No record of any sort of trouble Henry was ever in, any incidents in whihc he was mentioned, persecution.
A more plausible explanation eliminates the religious factor entirely.
One of the great promotors of emigration in SW England was Rev. John White, rector of Holy Trinity Church, Dorchester, Co. Dorset, who represented the moderate conforming clergy in the great religious controversies which preceded the Civil War in England. HIs influence extended all over that region and he advocated as early as 1622 the colonization of New England for spiritual and material reasons, believing that it could be a haven, as well for NOn-conformers as for loyal Churchmen. He organized the "Dorchester Adventures" in 1623, a commerical company which owas to opersate at Cape Ann, and was actaive in promotion of this and like enterprises.
Including that of the Massachusetts Bay Company itself.
Among his parishioners was Aquila Purchase, master of Trinity School, Dorchester, England, 1625-33, whose brohter Thomas Purchase went to New England as early as 1626 and settled in what is now Brunswick, Me. Aquila Purchase was employed as a teacher in the vicinity of Kingweston 1612-14. He met and married there, Jan 1613-4, Anne Squire, sister of Edith Squire, and thus became brother in law of Henry Adams.
Aquila Purchase with wife and children emigrated Mar 1632/3 to Dorchester, MA. He died during the voyage or soon after. On 5 Aug 1633
Children recorded in Carlton Mackrell;
Above is from Colonial Families or something like that (before I inserted the material from Bartlett)
From English Ancestry of Henry Adams of Braintree, from FTM
disk English Origins of whatever,
Aspinwall Notarial Records (Boston Commissioners' Report, No 32) contain the following:
"25(10)1649. John Shepheard of Braintre in N.E.: carpenter husband of Margaret the daughter of Henry Squire late of Kinweston neere Somerton in Somersetshire granted a powerof attorney to John Adams of Concord to receie andc all rents due for lands now or late in the tenure and occupation of Jonathan Adams liing neere Ballsberry in Somersetshire," etc.
This record connects John Adams of Concord with Henry Adams of Braintree (was widely believed he was his son). This record connects both w Somersetshire.
Ballsberry is Bastonborough, abt 4 miles SE of Glastonbury, in imm neighborhood of Charleton-Adam and Charlton-Mackrell.
Chief record of Adams in parish Register of Balstonbourough are of this very Jonathan Adams:
1688 Jonathan Adams and Johane Close were married the 7th day of february.
1648 - Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Joan Adams was baptized 1st November.
1647 Thomas, son of Jonathan and Joan Adams was baptized, Oct 27th,
1648 - Sept 10 - Henry son of Jonathan and Joan Adams was buried.
All of Jonathan's children so far as recorded had the same names as the children of HEnry Adams of Braintree, and this fact, connected w the power of atty mentioned, would seem to show that this Jonathan Adams was a relative of our HEnry, and that this neighobhood was the place of the latter's origin. The nearest parishes to the south are Barto St. David, ...Charlton-Macrell, and Charlton-Adam. But unfortunately the early registers of parishes most needed, Barton St David, Kingweston and Carlton-Adam have been lost except for recent years.
By means of wills, Bishops' Transcripts, etc. we can find some traces but only show that the missing records of Kingweston probably contain what we want.
Kingweston is 1 1/2 mi form Chatleton Adam and Charlton-Mackrell and the parishes are adjoining. As Bishops' Transcripts fo rnearly all these pareishes are in existence for atelast a part of the years in which some of Henry Adam's children were bor we have been able to eliminate all except Kingweston.
In Kingweston there is only one year of Bishps'Transcripts in exitence corresponding w a year of the birth of Henry Adams' sons;
"KIngweston - 1622 - Johannes Adams filius Henrici Adams baptizat. fuit decimo 4 die Decembris."
This is probably a record of John's baptism thouth the exact date of birth of JOhn Adams of Concord is not known.
For some reason he reminds us that the ancestors of two prominent Devonshire Adams families, Adams of Fenne also called Adams of Tunstall and Waton, and Adams of Bowdon, both came from Charlton-Adam in Somerset. (I don't know how we know this I think it is first I've heard of it)
Following is discussion of how search at Heralds College in London missed Devon and "no proper search made at Exeter". It is asserted that the family of Adams of Fenne or Tunstall went extinct w Nicholas Adams of the Visitation of 1564 but a copy of Harleian MS 1399 folio 115 giving coat of arms and pedigree of Nicholas Adams closes "and had issue John Adams his eldest son".
At the time of the Heralds' Visitation 1564 Nciholas Adams lived in Waton an dTunstall. He had children born at parish of Stoke-Gabriel, nearby;
1578 Oct 18 Christopher child of Nicholas Adams Esq bapt
1580 Jany 10 Philipp child of...
1582- June 14 Elizabeth ... bap
1583 June 28 Thomas child of.... bp
No other Nicholas Adams recorded in wills or otherwise in that part of the country, and we do not find any reocrd of the death of any of these children. Col Vivian in his Visitaiton of Devon does not even suggest that the famiily became extinct; on contrary, he says: "No pedigree of this fmaily was recorded in the Visitation of Devon 1620, and it has been found impossible to extend it with accuracy."
This author says Henry Adams of Braintree says he was "without doubt a yeoman". Westcote in his "devonshire" written in 1630, says concerning yeomen: "Many of these with us are gentlemen, descending from younger brothers". "Whether our Henry Adams lived for some time in Devonshire before oming to New England cannot be decided, but considering the long existing connection of the Adams famlies of Charlton-Adam and its neighborhood w localities in Devonshire, ti would not seem improbable; and the tradn that President John Adams had engraved on the tomb of his ancestor may be correct" (It doesn't say what connections they are talking about)
Records in the neighborhood of Charlton Adam;
Will of John Adams of Barton St DAvid 1603 makes his son HEnry Adams who apparently was unmarried his exectutor. This may have ben our Henry adams. Barton st. David is between Balstonboruough and Charlton-Adam, perhaps less than two iles form each, adn a bout a mile form Kingweston. In 1609 in Charlton-Mackrell, one half mile from Charlton-adam, and one mile and a half from Kingweston, we find the marriage record of"Henry Adams and Edith Squire" but if this was the arriage of Henry of Braintree, she was his second wife. His oldest son was born in 1604, an dhis second not until 1612. An interval not otherwise well explained.
Henry ADams b abt 1583 Barton St David arrived Boston 1638 w wife and family. Allotted 40 acres by colonial
authorities. 2/24/1639/40 at "The Mount, incorporated in 1640 as town of Braintree, in what is now the towns of Quincy, Braintree, and Randolph. Died 10/8/1646 at Braintree.
m 10/19/1609 Charlton Mackrell Somersetshire England Edith Squire.
Rev Wm Squire b 1520 rector of Charlton Mackrell,Somersetshire, Entl evidenced by will of Rev George Levermore, vicar of Charlton Adam, bequeathed certain goods to William Squyre parson of Charleton Macarell.
In 1553-8 under Mary Tudor a list was made of all married clergy in England who were ordered to divorce their wives to conform to the RC law of clerical celibacy. At ecclesiastical visitation of Charlton Mackrell in 1554 the church wardens presented that "William Squyer was married and doth minister ageyne not separated. Died prob 1567.
Issue incl Henry Squire, b about 1563 Charlton Mackrell. Is termed in 1580 husbandman of Moorlinch, a parish 7 miles away. Probably was an apprentice to a yeoman. Returned to Charleton Mackrell, lived there til abt 1613. Moved to adj parish of Kinsweston, prob died there. Married 1586 but name of his wife unknown. Five children. Edith Squire, bapt 5/29/1587 at Charlton Mackrell d 1/21/1672/3 Medfield, MA m first Henry Adams, 2nd John Fussell abut 1651. he of Weymouth and Medfield, MA.
I had another copy of this, it seems, with more of it;
Sarah bp 6 Apr 1589 m at Charlto Makrell 1 Nov 1613 Robt Batt
Ann bp 30 Nov 1591 m 1 Kingweston 28 Jan 1613/4 Aquila Purchase and emigrated w him in 1633 to New Engl, where she married secondly abt 1637 as his second wife Thomas oliver of Boston, where she d 20 Dec 1662. Original marriage bond shows his signature and the mark of her father Henry Squire called "blacksmith of Kingweston".
Margaret bp 25 Apr 1596 m in England John Shepherd and emigr w him in 1638 to New Engl.
Frances bp 3 Feb 1598/9
Robert Adams - another possible Adams emigrant
Disputed by savage whether Robert ADams came to New ENgland from Devonshire or Yorkshire. In the parochial records of Ottery St Mary, Devonshire, "1602 Dec - Robert Adams the son of Peter Adams was baptised the 22nd day." This would agree w the probable date of birth of Robert Adams who Savage discusses. Savage says he died Oct 12, 1682, age 80 years.
Addition to this article;
The theory that Henry of Adams of Braintree MA came from Kingwweston Co Somerset and John was his son is much strengthened by the further record, apparently overlooked in the original research, that Edward, sopn of Henry Adams, was baptized on 19 Apr 1629. This record applies well to Edward Adams son of HEnry of Braintree who married about 1652.
By REv. Hiram Francis Fairbanks of Milwaukee WI
An examination of a few of the transcripts of Compton Dundon, the parish adjoining Kingweston on the west, gavea the following Adams items,
Margery da of William Adams bap 10 May 1629
James son of John ADdams and Mary bap 9 Sep 1635
William son of Henry Addams and Joane bap 28 Feb 16353-6.
John son of HEnry Addams bur 30 Aug 1636
Richard son of William Adams and Joane bap 20 Jan 1636/7
Mary dau of Henry Addams and Joane bap 20 Aug 1637
Richard son of John Addams and Mary bap 19 ov 1637
Richard son of William Addams bur 20 Mar 1637/8
James son of John Addams bur 16 Dec 1639.
In 1853 a long pedigree purporting to exist in original manuscript in England was printed in the Register which set forth that Henry aDams was descended from a landed Adams family of Fenn and Waton in Stoke-Gabriel, co Devon, which, it was claimed, was derived form the baronial family of Ap Adam of Tidenham and Beverstone, co Gloucester. The late Colonel Chester and others showed this pedigree to be a worthless forgery (see Register, vol 7, pp 39-41, p 333, vol 34, pp 432-3, and vol 37, pp 159--60.
Bec Braintree MA was named for the parish of Braintree, Co Essex, the late Charles Francis Adams abt 1900 conjectured that HEnry Adams might have been from Essex and a Henry Adams was located near Chelmsford in that county who seemed to him possibly the emigrant, but this was also erroneous.
Henry ADams, founder of the Braintree family was born abt 1583 at Barton St. David Co Soemrset. Atleast four generatoins of his ancestors resided there, adn the aDams name is found on records in theimm vicinity of that poarish as far back as 1327. Note by J. Gardner Bartlett.
The original material I copied from Gardner Bartlett's Henry Adams of Braintree, Mass and som eof his descendants:
"Widow Purchase" was granted four acres of land (Dorchester town records) She married secondly before 1637, Thomas Oliver of Boston.
1638 her two sisters Edith and Margaret w husbands Henry Adams and JOhn Shepherd and their children came.
Thomas Addames son of HEnry and Edith bp 25th day of March 1612.
Edward son of Henry bap 19 Apr 1629.
Invalid endowment temple code: SLC.
Followig is discussion of how search at Heralds College in London missed Devon and "no proper search made at Exeter". It is asserted that the family of Adams of Fenne or Tunstall went extinct w Nicholas Adams of the Visitation of 1564 but a copy of Harleian MS 1399 folio 115 giving coat of arms and pedigree of Nicholas Adams closes "and had issue John Adams his eldest son".
This author says Henry Adams of Braintree says he was "without doubt a yeoman". Westcote in his "devonshire" writtein in 1630, says concenring yeomen: "Many of these with us are gentlemen, descending from yougher brothers". "Whether our Henry Adams lived for some time in Devonshire before oming to New England cannot be decided, but considering the long existing connection of the Adams famlies of Charlton-Adam and its neighborhood w localities in Devonshire, ti would not seem improbable; and the tradn that President John Adams had engraved on the tomb of his ancestor may be correct" (It doesn't say what connections they are talking about)
In 1853 a long pedigree purporig to exist in original manuscript in England was printed in the Register which set forth that Henry aDams was descended from a landed Adams family of Fenn and Waton in Stoke-Gabriel, co Devon, whihc, it was claimed, was derived form the baronial family of Ap Adam of Tidenham and Beverstone, co Gloucester. The late Colonel Chester and others showed this pedigree to be a worthless forgery (see Register, vol 7, pp 39-41, p 333, vol 34, pp 432-3, and vol 37, pp 159--60.
The original material I copied from J> Gardner Bartlett's Henry Adams of Braintree, Mass and som eof his descendants:
Henry, the third-generation copyholder and founder of America's most durable dynasty, remains a dim figure, illuminated only briefly by a few crabbed lines in court and parish records. It is known that he was born about 1583, that his people had lived in Barton St. David for over a century, and that at the age of twenty-six he married the twenty-two-year-old Edith Squire, the daughter of the blacksmith of neighboring Charlton Mackrell. In the next twenty-one years Edith bore her husband nine surviving children -- eight boys and a girl -- a surprising total in that day of high infant mortality. No doubt there were other children who did not survive. For some reason the Adamses between 1614 and 1622 moved to the adjoining parish of Kingweston. From there Henry and Edith left England for America. Why they left, what they hoped for, how they felt on turning their backs on the land of their inheritance remains supposition and conjecture. Like most emigrants their motives were uncertain even to themselves, a mixture of piety, shrewdness, ambition, restlessness, resentment, and hope. In the first half of the seventeenth century English migration was part of the time-spirit, an uneasy impulse accentuated by hard times that brought soaring prices in lands and rents and ever more exacting taxes. Between 1620 and 1640 some sixty-five thousand Englishmen sailed away to the West Indies or the American continent.
Henry Adams may have been one of these restless men, unable to own land and eager to go where land was almost for the asking. There is no sign that the dragon persecution had troubled him in his remote village. For the most part the parishoners of Barton St. David seemed unaffected by the lapping waves of dissent. Marriages, baptisms, and funerals took place for the Adamses as they always had, in the accepted tradition, under the curious octagonal tower of St. David's Church. But in adjoining Dorset -- with Somerset and Devon a stronghold of Puritanism -- the Reverend John White of Dorchester, a Puritan moderate remaining within the established Church, had stirred many a yeoman and farmer to consider leaving the timeworn paths of his ancestors. In 1623 White organized the Dorchester Adventurers to aid both non-conformists and loyal churchmen in the settling of New England. Then in 1628 the Adventurers were absorbed by the Massachusetts Bay Company which secured a liberal charter for its colonists. From 1629 to 1640 about twenty-five thousand Englishmen, mostly so-called Puritans, left their homeland for New England. Among the early migrants was Edith Adams's younger sister, Ann, married to Aquila Purchase, a master of Trinity School, Dorchester. The Purchases sailed from England in 1633. Aquila either died on the voyage or shortly afterward. His widow remained in New England, being granted four acres of land in the new Dorchester. In 1637 she married a widower, Thomas Oliver of Boston.
Five years after the Purchases, the Adamses finally sailed. With them were eight of their nine children; their sons Henry, Thomas, Samuel, Peter, John, Joseph, and Edward and their one daughter, Ursula. Their third son, Jonathan, would remain behind for another dozen years. Accompanying them on the voyage was Margaret Shepherd, another of Edith's four sisters, with her husband, John.
As the head of a family of ten and on payment of three shillings an acre, Henry was granted forty acres at Mount Wollaston, six miles south of Boston, where the genial royalist Thomas Morton a decade before had established his ephemeral Puritan-defying Merry Mount. In 1640 Mount Wollaston became part of Braintree (later Quincy). By the time Henry received his acres the initial land clearing had been made, the first roads laid out, a school set up, and a First Church established. More influential Mount Wollaston settlers like Edmund Quincy and William Hutchinson, the husband of the irritatingly heretical Anne, were granted as much as five hundred acres each by the Massachusetts legislature, the General Court. Henry Adams contented himself with his forty.
He lived a mere eight years after setting foot on American soil, farming his acres, brewing beer in a shed next to his house, caring for his children, and acquiring a respectable minimum of possessions. When he died in October, 1646, at the age of sixty-three, an inventory of his estate valued his property at £75. This included a two-room house with its barn, three beds, two chests, "some auld bookes," pewter plates, a silver spoon, a frying pan, a "spitt & trivett & gridyron," a warming pan, tools, lumber, a cow and heifer, pigs, and corn. The books -- it was out of the ordinary for a New England farmer to own more than the Bible -- were to be divided among his children. His house and other possessions went to his wife "so Longe as shee liveth unmarried." When five years later Edith married John Fussell of adjoining Weymouth, the house reverted to Ursula and the two youngest sons, Joseph and Edward. Through some private agreement Joseph secured his father's farm. There he lived out the rest of his life, the sole Adams to remain in Quincy.
The second Henry Adams, one of the founders of Medfield, Massachusetts, was joined there by his remarried mother and by his brothers Peter and Edward. Jonathan, when he finally came over from England in 1651, also settled in Medfield. Most of the village went up in flames in 1676 when the Indians raided it in King Philip's War. During the attack Henry was killed on his own doorstep. Thomas moved to Concord, then became one of the founders of Chelmsford where he was followed by John who erected a mill there. Ursula, four times widowed, lived respectively in Charlestown, Watertown, Dorchester, and Roxbury.
The names of seven of the nine Adams children were to prove as ephemeral as those of their fellow voyagers, persisting on slate gravestones if at all. Only John and Joseph established enduring Adams lines. John, on his arrival in America, was apprenticed to a Cambridge millwright, and after serving his seven years continued in that trade. The businessman of the family, his affairs took him to England in 1650. Returning the following year with his brother Jonathan, he settled in the Menotomy section of Cambridge where his descendants remained until the next century when they moved to New Hampshire. In the latter part of the nineteenth century these farming Adamses evolved into traders and financiers allied and related to the Morgans, and as Episcopalian churchwardens, became stalwarts in the establishment their ancestor Henry had forsaken.
Henry married Edith SQUIRE, daughter of Henry SQUIRE and Charlotte MACKRELL, on 19 Oct 1609 in Charlton Mackrel, Somersetshire, England. (Edith SQUIRE was born on 29 May 1587 in Charlton Mackrell, Somersetshire, England, christened on 29 May 1587 in Charlton, Markrell, Somersetshire, England, died on 21 Jan 1672 in Barton, St. David, Somersetshire, England and was buried on 8 Oct 1646 in Braintree, Norfolk, Mass.)
parish adjoining Barton St. David